For millenniums art has been a source of communicating one’s personal experience of a situation or feelings. Be it the cave paintings during the stone-age or the graffiti at the trains stations in New York, art has always allowed us to express ourselves in a zillion ways. There are different world views of arts which has kept the element of diversity in perceptions alive and interesting throughout history.
The four founding belief systems on which the arts are standing can be mentioned here briefly.
1. Atheistic Belief (Modern Art) – this world view projects that there is no god and the material universe is real and is what that exists. Atheist ideology implicates that there was no intelligent being who started it all, it is just that life only has meaning which we humans choose to give it. Atheistic art moreover focuses on impressionistic way of expressing the human experience. The 19th century saw the rise of the impressionist movement in the artistic community, most prominently in the French colonies. The scientific approaches in achieving more exact representation of tone and colour were adopted. Painting or everyday objects and people is what impressionistic art implies.
2. New Age, Hinduism and Buddhism Art – these types of worldviews focus on self-actualization and how we can improve ourselves. However, unlike Hinduism and Buddhism, New age art focuses more on individualism and an alternative to the organised religion systems which create dominance among the masses. New age art also focuses on people having the right to choose the lifestyle they want to have. Moreover, the Hindu and Buddhist Traditions also relate to new age to some extent as they all believe that, “everything is god and we all are a part of this bigger reality”.
3. Postmodernism Art – this type of art came in to existence in the post-World War 2 period and was a reaction to the western domination and progressive culture. Postmodern art rejects the notions which modern art promoted, like the white race is superior and more artistic, men can have every artistic freedom and goal-oriented artistic approach. Postmodernism promotes the idea that there can be more than one interpretation to a work of art. The works of Pablo Picasso are the among the greatest postmodern art works.
4. Christian Art – in Christianity each and every art form revolves around one god that is believed to be the creator who shared in creating the human nature in the person of Jesus Christ. The Christian art interpretation is strictly based on the way that god sees the world. “The god has created this universe and everything that is in it and the gospel should be said and practiced every day to reach to him when we make the transition.” , the Christian worldview of art implies that the art works should spread the message of Christianity i.e., “Jesus is the ultimate truth”. The entire concept of Christian art revolves around the glorification of god.