HIV and STIs can be transmitted as a result of the same unsafe sexual behavior. If a person is infected with gonorrhea, hepatitis B or another STI, then most likely he has had sexual contact that could result in HIV transmission. Similarly, if a person has been diagnosed with HIV infection, then it is likely that he will have other STIs. Based on this, if any sexually transmitted infection is detected, including HIV, it is recommended to test for other STIs.
STIs increase vulnerability to HIV infection. There are two reasons for this. First, many infections, such as genital herpes and syphilis, cause damage to the genital mucosa, making it more permeable to the HIV virus. The sores and inflammation that accompany STIs serve as open gates for HIV to enter the bloodstream. A person with these symptoms is more vulnerable to HIV infection. Secondly, infections like gonorrhea and chlamydia can increase the risk of HIV transmission even in the absence of symptoms. This is due to the accumulation of virus cells in the genital area, which occurs as a result of the body fighting the infection. The virus can easily penetrate these cells and begin its reproduction in the body.
For a person who has both HIV and STIs, the probability of transmitting HIV to his partner is higher. This is due to both mucosal damage and the fact that with some STIs a large number of HIV cells are in the genital area. It is known that with gonorrhea and chlamydia in HIV-positive men, the concentration of the virus in semen increases sharply. A course of antibiotic treatment helps to reduce the amount of sperm virus to the previous level as recorded by HIV testing West Hollywood. STIs pose a much greater danger to HIV-positive people compared to HIV-negative people.Since the immune system plays a major role in resisting such infections, venous diseases are much more severe in people whose immune systems have been affected by HIV. Symptoms in this case can be much more pronounced than in other people. Of particular danger are infections such as syphilis, gonorrhea and herpes. Some sexually transmitted infections, such as cytomegalovirus, cause pathology only in people with immunodeficiency. If HIV infection is detected, patients should go to the infectious disease specialist’s office for further monitoring and timely treatment.
Sexually transmitted infections are among the best known risk factors for HIV infection. The problem of combined diseases of STIs and HIV in infected people in the domestic scientific literature is represented by a few works, therefore, further study of this issue is required. The purpose of the study: to identify the prevalence of sexually transmitted infections in HIV-infected patients at the time of registration at the dispensary. Materials and methods. 49 clinical histories of patients with HIV infection were analyzed and studied at the Republican Center for the Prevention and Control of AIDS and Infectious Diseases of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Tatarstan. In 63% of patients (mainly women - 67% of cases) with HIV infection during the natural course of the infection process, STIs were registered with prevalence of urogenital chlamydia, ureaplasmosis and mycoplasmosis in the case of a low-symptom course. Patients with HIV infection and syphilis had lower CD4 lymphocyte counts and higher levels of HIV RNA viral load.