The cervical spine consists of 7 vertebrae surrounded by large blood vessels and nerves that go to the brain. Any pathological disorder in this section leads to pinching of the elements of the circulatory and nervous systems, as well as the spinal cord, which can lead to a number of serious problems. A hernia of the cervical spine is a dangerous disease that affects the intervertebral disc due to an injury in the neck area resulting from an accident or sports, overstrain due to an uneven load, spinal pathology (osteochondrosis, scoliosis, etc.) or other factors. As a result of the development of a hernia, blood circulation and the functioning of some organs are impaired, and the absence of treatment leads to the risk of serious complications.
According to Green compounding pharmacy, the disease is most often diagnosed in patients aged 30 to 50 years, men are more likely to suffer from it. According to the incidence rate, a cervical hernia is in second place after a lumbar hernia, but is a more dangerous pathology. This is due to the more fragile structure of the spine in the neck and the immediate proximity of the brain.
loss of consciousness;
numbness of the forearms, hands, or fingers;
noise in ears;
impaired coordination of movements;
bouts of nausea and vomiting;
muscle weakness in the hands;
flies before the eyes;
partial or total hearing loss;
a feeling of lack of oxygen;
aching pain in the neck and shoulders, a feeling of "heaviness";
limited neck movement;
The first signs and their pronounced manifestation depend on the stage of the disease and the size of the hernia. An intervertebral hernia does not always lead to constant pinching of nerves or constriction of the blood vessels, so the symptoms may appear in an acute form, or they may become dull, it all depends on the case and the individual characteristics of the patient. Each of the above symptoms, even in a mild form, can indicate the presence of a hernia, and the sooner experts diagnose it, the less harm it can cause to the body. Therefore, you should not postpone the visit to the doctor.
Classification of Spinal Hernia
Primary hernias include those that arose suddenly as a result of large physical exertion, strong shock, injuries or sharp turns, against which intervertebral discs were damaged.
Secondary hernias arise as a result of the development of diseases of the musculoskeletal system, which, in the absence of proper treatment, lead to similar complications. One of the most common diseases of the spine that provokes a hernia is osteochondrosis.
Stages of intervertebral hernia formation
Age-related changes, numerous injuries, a sedentary lifestyle and other factors lead to a decrease in muscle tone and weakening, drying out and destruction of the intervertebral discs, which leads to damage to adjacent vertebrae and their deformation.
A phenomenon in which a part of the fibrous membrane is destroyed, as a result of which the core goes beyond the allotted limits. At the same time, the outer part of the membrane is preserved, therefore, the distribution is limited and does not reach the canal of the spinal cord.
The situation when there is a complete rupture of the fibrous ring, as a result of which a certain amount of the pulposus nucleus enters the spinal canal, which can lead to damage to the spinal cord or nerves departing from it.
The case when there is a leakage of the pulposus nucleus outside the disc. As a result of unbearable pain occurs, numbness of the hands or feet, muscle atrophy, intoxication of the body. Without timely treatment, the disease can cause paralysis of one or two hands.